• conducting research and developing new or improved theories and methods related to civil engineering
  • advising on and designing structures such as bridges, dams, docks, roads, airports, railways, canals, pipelines, waste-disposal and flood-control systems, and industrial and other large buildings
  • determining and specifying construction methods, materials and quality standards, and directing construction work
  • establishing control systems to ensure efficient functioning of structures as well as safety and environmental protection
  • organising and directing maintenance and repair of existing civil engineering structures
  • analyzing the behaviour of soil and rock when placed under pressure by proposed structures and designing structural foundations
  • analyzing the stability of structures and testing the behaviour and durability of materials used in their construction

    Educational level

    • Unskilled